As an artistic, working-class pacifist…
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As an artistic, working-class pacifist, Trumbo was an ideal recruit for the 1940s-era Communist Party, and he did in fact join up in 1943. Unfortunately, this affiliation wasn’t the wisest show business career move at the time. In 1947, Trumbo and nine other writers and directors had to go before the House Un-American Activities Committee to testify about the insidious threat of Communism in Hollywood.
When Trumbo and his fellow witnesses refused to testify or name names of other Hollywood communists, they were convicted of contempt of Congress and placed on the Hollywood blacklists.
Dalton Trumbo was finally honored with an Oscar for the screenplay of Roman Holiday (1953) in 1993, 16 years after his death. Unable to write under his own name during the blacklist, Trumbo used “fronts” during the 1950s, the years in which, ironically, he wrote his best scripts. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences (which had supported the blacklist) awarded Trumbo a belated Oscar for his other blacklist-era Academy Award winner, The Brave One (1956), in 1975, before his death.신고하기
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