having met, having lived, having been๐Ÿ’กํŠน์ดํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์ž์ฃผ ์“ฐ์ด๋Š” ๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธ

์ตœ๊ทผ ๊ฒŒ์‹œ๋ฌผ ๊ฒŒ์‹œํŒ ์Šคํ„ฐ๋””๊ฒŒ์‹œํŒ having met, having lived, having been๐Ÿ’กํŠน์ดํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์ž์ฃผ ์“ฐ์ด๋Š” ๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธ



  • ๋™๋ช…์‚ฌํ•˜๋ฉด ์ผ๋ฐ˜ ๋™์‚ฌ์— +ing ๋ฅผ ๋ถ™์ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ์ฃ . ์ข€ ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๋ฐฐ์šด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ (not) having to … / (not) being able to … / being ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์ต์ˆ™ํ•  ๊ฒ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์™„๋ฃŒ์‹œ์ œ have + p.p ๋ฅผ ๋™๋ช…์‚ฌ์˜ ํ˜•ํƒœ๋กœ ์“ด๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‚˜์š”? ์˜์™ธ๋กœ ์ž์ฃผ ์“ฐ๋Š” ์ด ๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ ๋ฐฐ์›Œ ๋ด…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

    I moved to my current place in October last year.
    ์ง€๊ธˆ ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๊ณณ์œผ๋กœ ์ž‘๋…„ 10์›”์— ์ด์‚ฌํ–ˆ์–ด์š”.
    And I had a lot of initial concerns back then because, well you know, there are certain things about a place that you just can’t know for sure until you actually start living there, like neighbors.
    ๋‹น์‹œ์— ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ฑฑ์ •์ด ์•ž์„œ๋”๋ผ๊ณ ์š”, ์•Œ์ž–์•„์š”, ์‹ค์ œ๋กœ ์ง‘์— ์‚ด๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ „์—๋Š” ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ์•Œ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์ด ์žˆ์ž–์•„์š”, ์ด์›ƒ๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ์š”.
    But now, having lived there for almost 6 months, I can pretty confidently say that I’m very satisfied with the place.
    ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ณณ์—์„œ 6๊ฐœ์›” ๋™์•ˆ ์‚ด์•„ ์˜จ ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ๊ฝค ์ž์‹  ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š” – ๊ทธ๊ณณ์— ์•„์ฃผ ๋งŒ์กฑํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ ์š”.

    I started teaching English straight out of school in 2008 and haven’t stopped ever since. So, I’ve been doing this for a fairly long time.
    ์ €๋Š” 2008๋…„์— ํ•™๊ต๋ฅผ ์กธ์—…ํ•˜์ž ๋งˆ์ž ์˜์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•œ ํ›„๋กœ ๋ฉˆ์ถค ์ ์ด ์—†์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์ด ์ผ์„ ๊ฝค ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๋™์•ˆ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์ฃ .
    And having met hundreds, if not thousands of students throughout my career, I feel like I have a pretty good understanding of what the students need, what their weaknesses are, and therefore, what I need to do for them.
    ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ๋ ฅ ์ „์ฒด์— ๊ฑธ์ณ ์ˆ˜๋ฐฑ, ์–ด์ฉŒ๋ฉด ์ˆ˜์ฒœ ๋ช…์˜ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์„ ๋งŒ๋‚˜ ๋ณด๋‹ˆ, ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ฌด์—‡์„ ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š”์ง€, ๋ฌด์—‡์— ์•ฝํ•œ์ง€, ๊ณ ๋กœ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋ฌด์—‡์„ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•˜๋Š”์ง€๋ฅผ ์–ด๋Š ์ •๋„ ์ž˜ ํŒŒ์•…ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•„์š”.

    A: Have you always used Apple computers?
    ํ•ญ์ƒ ์• ํ”Œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์“ฐ์…จ๋‚˜์š”?
    B: No. The first time I used an Apple computer was back in 2011. But ever since then, I’ve been using Apple computers almost exclusively.
    ์•„๋‹ˆ์˜ค. ์• ํ”Œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์ฒ˜์Œ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ–ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒŒ 2011๋…„์ด์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ทผ๋ฐ ๊ทธ๋•Œ ์ดํ›„๋กœ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์• ํ”Œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋งŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•ด ์™”์–ด์š”.
    A: Wow. (Then) You must be very familiar with them.
    ์•„์™€์šฐ. (๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด) ์—„์ฒญ ์ž˜ ์“ฐ์‹œ๊ฒ ์–ด์š”.
    B: Well, having used them for more than 10 years, yeah, I feel pretty comfortable with them. But you know, they’re actually really easy to use. Anyone who uses a smartphone will feel right at home with an Apple computer.
    ์•„๋ญ, 10๋…„ ๋„˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•ด ์™”์œผ๋‹ˆ, ๊ทธ๋ ‡์ฃ , ์•„์ฃผ ์ต์ˆ™ํ•˜์ฃ . ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์‹ค ์“ฐ๊ธฐ ์—„์ฒญ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. ์Šค๋งˆํŠธํฐ์„ ์“ฐ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด๋ผ๋ฉด ์• ํ”Œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๊ฐ€ ์•„์ฃผ ์ต์ˆ™ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋Š๊ปด์งˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”.

    A: Are you sure this is the cheapest hotel?
    ์ด๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ €๋ ดํ•œ ํ˜ธํ…” ๋งž์•„?
    B: Trust me. You won’t find anywhere cheaper than that. In fact, most tourists don’t even know about that hotel.
    ๋ฏฟ์–ด๋„ ๋ผ. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค ์‹ผ ๋ฐ๋Š” ๋ชป ์ฐพ์„ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ๋Š” ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๊ด€๊ด‘๊ฐ๋“ค๋„ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ํ˜ธํ…”์ด์•ผ.
    A: I guess you would know having been there so many times.
    ๋„ค๊ฐ€ ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— ์›Œ๋‚™ ๋งŽ์ด ๊ฐ€ ๋ดค์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ (์ž˜) ์•Œ๊ฒ ๊ตฌ๋‚˜.
    B: I know that area(part of the country) like my own neighborhood.
    ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋™๋„ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ž˜ ์•Œ์ง€.

    ๐Ÿค ์ฑ„๋„์„ ํ›„์›ํ•˜๊ณ  ์ถ”๊ฐ€์˜์ƒ๋„ ๋ณด์„ธ์š”!
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGDA1e6qQSAH0R9hoip9VrA/join

    ๐Ÿ”ฅ ์ •๋ฆฌ/๋ณต์Šต ์ฑ„๋„ :
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2RrA_-QBjnu800xevk4N_Q

    โ˜•๏ธ๋ผ์ด๋ธŒ์•„์นด๋ฐ๋ฏธ ๋„ค์ด๋ฒ„ ์นดํŽ˜ :
    https://cafe.naver.com/liveacademy/

    #์˜์–ดํšŒํ™” #๋ผ์ด๋ธŒ์•„์นด๋ฐ๋ฏธ #๋™๋ช…์‚ฌ๊ตฌ

    source

    ์‹ ๊ณ ํ•˜๊ธฐ
'having met, having lived, having been๐Ÿ’กํŠน์ดํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์ž์ฃผ ์“ฐ์ด๋Š” ๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธ'์— ๋‹ต๋ณ€๋‹ฌ๊ธฐ
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